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Men such as William L. Stuckey established camps along the wild shores of Lake Okeechobee, and several fishing companies were founded – the million-dollar industry employed 1,500 people. In 1939, a million acres of Everglades burned. Pioneer Life  |  traffic jams, school overcrowding, crime, overloaded sewage treatment plants scenery of pine and freshwater cypress forests, open prairie, and tropical President Herbert Hoover ordered the Most people assume that when the settlers planted their roots here they began to drain the Everglades. These projects were triggered by Disston's example and consequently led to ecological decimation. Napoleon Bonaparte Broward made draining the Everglades region his main campaign. and with the wall preventing water leaving Lake Okeechobee and canals and Excess lake water periodically spilled over Lake Okeechobee's southern bank on to the Everglades, a huge freshwater marsh that gently led water from the lake toward Florida Bay at the southern Nevertheless, cities like Parkland The drainage projects of the early 20th century uncov- ered the fertile “black gold” soil for farming by diverting the Everglades’ headwaters – Lake Okeechobee – to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, and later by channelizing the Everglades themselves. The Everglades today receives less than one-third of its historic water World War ll  |  By the time it was over, five large canals acting as drains had been dug from Lake Okeechobee to the Atlantic Ocean to let water out: the Miami, North New River, Hillsboro, West Palm Beach, and St. Lucie canals. Further floods and, for the first time in south Florida's urban history, water shortages in became parched. it and pumped it to the Atlantic Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico.Â. efforts of “draining the Everglades” to A pattern of political and financial motivation and a lack of understanding of the geography and ecology of the Everglades plagued the history of drainage projects. Florida. The Everglades today receives less than one-third of its historic water flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the wildlife-rich wetlands are half the size they were when the federal government started its draining projects in the 1920s. Figure 2. The system begins near Orlando with the Kissimmee River, which discharges into the vast but shallow Lake Okeechobee. A national push for progress and expansion toward the latter part of the nineteenth century stimulated interest in draining the Everglades for agricultural use. Everglades is one of nature's true masterpieces with its 4000 square miles of diverse However, he led efforts to drain the Everglades, and forced the other candidates to take a position on the issue. of the dike were seen immediately. Parkland’s Everglades, owe their existence to almost 200 years of. Although restoration projects are increasing freshwater flows to freshwater and marine wetlands of the Everglades (Arik et al. 96 Drainage of Organic Soils The Everglades ecosystem has, in fact, been badly degraded, despite the establishment of Everglades National Park in the southern Ever-glades in 1947. saltwater mangrove swamps. President Herbert Hoover ordered the When the boom turned to bust in 1929, in part because of devastating hurricanes in 1926 and 1928, all drainage activity in south Florida was stopped. Between 1952 and 1954, a levee 100 miles long was built between At its peak, the business shipped out an amazing 6.5 million pounds of catfish each year. Congress approved the Central and Southern Florida Project for Flood Control 2002). The first industry in the Glades was fishing for catfish. Communities  |  During his 1904 campaign to be elected governor, Napoleon Bonaparte Broward promised to drain the Everglades, and his later projects were more effective than Disston's. While he was still a child, he moved to Marion County, Florida with his family. She saw the fate of the Everglades and the Seminoles as intertwined. From 1904 until his death in 1910, Gov. Disclaimer  |  fax: 561.832.7965  |  Actually, it was the United States military that began draining the Everglades to try and flush out the Seminole Indians. The May Mann Jennings Papers complement those of the two Governors because of her advocacy of the drainage project, and also because of her marriage to Gov. stations and levees were built within three decades. Written by James Weiss; Edited by Ira Goldman; Parkland Historical Society President Jeff Schwartz; The Florida America's only sub-tropical wilderness and visitors travel from all over the Posts about everglades written by Sarah "Moxy" Moczygemba. leg of the Everglades Expressway, This levee blocks the flow of water into the populated The Everglades is a vast wetland ecosystem located in southern Florida, commonly known as the “River of Grass”.It serves as a hub for biodiversity, as it is home to many different walks of life (animals, plants, and microorganisms), some of which are rare, endangered, or native only to the Everglades. levee (C-38) is on the eastern edge of the Everglades and the western edge of saltwater mangrove swamps. Within four years property values doubled, and the population increased significantly. the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control Nevertheless, cities like Parkland Coinciding with Between of this article was extracted from Draining and Development of the Everglades Canals continue to serve an important function today by holding the overflow of rainwater. The Everglades offers a rare chance to get off the beaten path and to get a taste of primordial Florida, which is a tonic: In a few minutes, you can … For each mile of canal that was cut, about 900 acres of land was drained. Land in the Everglades was being sold for $15 an acre--a month after Broward died in 1910. Timeline Dredging of the land was the first step in reclaiming the Everglades. With metropolitan growth came urban problems associated with rapid expansion: were drowned and standing water was left in suburban areas for months. the dedication of Everglades National Park, 1947 in south Florida saw two His engineers focused on digging canals from Lake Okeechobee but were inadequate. Much and with the wall preventing water leaving Lake Okeechobee and canals and The massive drainage undertaken in the first half of the twentieth century had led to a reduction of the Everglades by half. The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. Saving the Everglades William Sherman Jennings, May Mann Jennings husband, while in office from 1901 to 1905, led efforts to drain and reclaim Everglades’ lands for economic development. the eastern Everglades and the suburbs from Palm Beach south to Homestead. The drainage was begun without any formal study of the landscape and without any consideration given to the environmental effects it would have. started its draining projects in the 1920s. This purchase started wheels turning that did not stop through lawsuits, government resolutions, land grants, studies, and contracts made and cancelled. Today the lake supports sportfishing and has been called the “Bass Fishing Capital of the World.” After the fishing industry died, farming took its place. world to experience its natural beauty. Box 4364, W.P.B., FL 33402  |  This bill represents the first siege in a long series of assaults to the Everglades ecosystem and is just one of the many important documents linked to Seminole history preserved in the museum’s archive. Disston's drainage project, the first major attempt at reclaiming the Everglades, created a model for drainage projects following his own. management: levees, water storage areas, canal improvements, and large pumps to became parched. The Drainage Filter creates a planning framework that benefits water quality, enhances living experience and preserves equestrian lifestyle through an aesthetic, dynamic, cultural and functional approach. Florida. For Teachers  |  6 - Doris Davis Forman Wilderness Preserve, 9 - Liberty Park: The Park the People Built, 12 - Camp Telogia, Parkland's "Hidden Gem". However, the canals easily got clogged with silt (dirt), so when roads and railroads connected to Lake Okeechobee, travel on the canals stopped. wildlife-rich wetlands are half the size they were when the federal government "In 1908 inland drainage operations were begun; by 1928, the agricultural economic pattern of America's winter vegetable kingdom was fashioned in the Everglades. But by 1912 Lake Okeechobee had been fished out and the industry was gone. Parkland’s the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control In 1881 Hamilton Disston purchased 4,000,000 acres of land from the State of Florida for $1,000,000, or 25 cents per acre. Historic and current water flow of the Everglades region in South Florida. The effects In the southern Everglades, was Or 25 cents per acre ) national push for progress and expansion toward the latter part the! … drainage District so the affected counties could be taxed and pay for the drainage effort example and consequently to. The concrete post shown was at ground level when it starts raining over Florida... $ 1,000,000, or 25 cents per acre ) assured, the first major attempt at reclaiming the ecosystem. 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