why was the wazir khan mosque built

To this day the mosque is a haven of tranquillity in the centre of the bustling Walled City, flanked by the markets, homes, and tiny businesses stacked up alongside the narrow cobbled pathways of the inner city. The Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, is famous for its extensive faience tile work. History-obsessed photographer and travel writer. Wazir Khan’s Mosque, in the heart of the Walled City of Lahore, is one of the most thoroughly documented and discussed of our monuments. I only had a few days so I had to be very selective with the places I could visit, but the Walled City and in particular, the Mughal monuments, ranked high since I had been following the footsteps of the Mughals. Modern additions like ceiling fans and chandeliers fortunately fail to detract from the colorful frescoes as you meander through the arches inside the prayer hall. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Nearby the mosque built by Wazir Khan is nearing its conservation and it would not be a bad idea for the experts to visit Sunehri Masjid so as to put forth a plan to further improve conditions within the mosque. He laid the foundation of the mosque in AD 1634 that is why the mosque named after him. The name Wazir Khan Mosque ensues from the visionary who built it. Though grand majesty of the Badhshahi envelopes you -as intended by Aurangzeb (dude was obsessed with one-upping his father’s Jama Masjid in Delhi) – it dwarfs in comparison to the humble and unceremonious invite extended by Wazir Khan. Highlights of Pakistan | Wazir Khan Mosque. It poses questions: return to what and where? Above, Wazir Khan Mosque is located in a heavily built-up environment. We are also committed to challenging Orientalist narratives in travel writing and photography, and showcasing the work of writers and photographers whose work actively seeks to 'reclaim' the narrative. Dec 31, 2016 - Explore farzana jabeen's board "Wazir Khan Mosque Pakistan" on Pinterest. The Salawat on the dome reminds you of the Mercy (SAW) of this world sent by God, reciting the Salawat for the Prophet (SAW) serving to bring you into his embrace. The Mosque was built by Hakim Ilamuddin Ansari who was the wazir (minister/governor) appointed by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for the region of Punjab; he became widely known as Wazir Khan. Wazir Khan Mosque: Sacred Architecture and Divine Sound. It was built in seven years, starting around 1634–1635 AD, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan. Another viral video shoot is raising a lot of questions. Floral imagery is commonplace in many mosques, and Wazir Khan is no exception with the guldasta (bouquet) imagery adorning the tilework with a unique grace. Even the grills are in terra-cotta. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The commercial area also spreads over the Chowk Wazir Khan region and is a popular and busy business place till date. Main Prayers Area of Wazir Khan Mosque The main reason Ansari decided to build this mosque where he did was to honor the great Sufi sage MiranBadshah. Aurangzeb chose an architectural plan similar to that of Shah Jehan's choice for the Jama Masjid in Delhi, though built the Badshahi mosque on a much larger scale. In 1887, Kipling (John Lockwood, father of Rudyard) discussed the mosque, its founder, and in particular, its glazed … These shops are located on both sides of the reception hall and there is a well laid brick passage in between. Wazir Khan Mosque has some illustrative examples of the Mughal period’s mosaic tile work. (Remembrance) in pursuit of the Presence of God: Kamil Mumtaz applies this to the design of the Wazir Khan Mosque. The rest of my time in Lahore was spent visiting other quintessential Mughal monuments; the Badhshahi Mosque, the Tomb of Jahangir, the Tomb of Nur Jehan. Wazir Khan Mosque. Anything can happen! Sprawling gracefully on the site of the tomb of Syed Muhammed Ishaq, a saint who migrated from Iran in the 13th century, Wazir Khan Mosque was built during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan in 1634 AD. It is decorated with mosaics and frescoes of infinite variety and colors. The ground plan of the mosque has incorporated 22 shops. Wazir Khan Masjid. My eyes followed the lines and found the geometric star at the centre of the courtyard. Wazir Khan Mosque was constructed during 1634-1641. All Rights Reserved. Learn how your comment data is processed. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. (ornamental vaulting)? I had been fortunate in my life up until that point that I had visited numerous mosques, including those of the harams of Makkah, Madinah and Jerusalem, and others in the Subcontinent itself, but I instantly knew there was no visual reference point in my memory to compare against the Wazir Khan. His plans were to make use of the income for supporting the activities and maintenance of the mosque. The intricate scripts, vivid frescos, and brilliant tile work that embellish the mosque employ techniques and motifs from India, Persia, and Central Europe. When you visit the Wazir Khan Mosque, it answers with a warm embrace; return to Us, everywhere. In rewarding his competence and loyalty, Shajahan awarded him the title Wazir Khan in 1620, with the word ‘Wazir’ meaning ‘Minister’ in Urdu. In between the Delhi Gate and the Lahore Fort, Wazir Khan got a large tract of land. Wazir Khan Mosque (Photo: Archnet) The Wazir Khan Mosque ensemble in the Walled City of Lahore, Pakistan, was built in 1634 during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1658). The segregation of the mosque for the elite did not last. If you enjoy our content and believe in our vision, please consider supporting us financially by either becoming a Patron - or making a one-off contribution to Sacred Footsteps. Over the course of my life, whenever I visited Pakistan, it was always to visit family in Karachi. Over the course of my life, whenever I visited Pakistan, it was always to visit family in Karachi. All rights reserved. Hakim Shaikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari, a native of Chiniot, was the court physician to emperor Shah Jehan and was elevated as Governor (Wazir) of Lahore. I am excited to look back and reflect on other mosques I’ve visited and apply Mumtaz’s analysis on spiritual design intentions. 10 m Above right, the eastern facade of the main prayer chamber of Wazir Khan Mosque while a detail, on the left, shows the intricate tile-work on the same facade. : The well of Dina Nath was intended to be a water well in the Wazir Khan Chowk in Lahore, Pakistan that is located near the Wazir Khan Mosque. My vapistani (Pakistani diaspora who has returned and resides in Pakistan) friends from Canada took me in and I wasted no time in enlisting them to show me around the city. It is hidden within the old city and built by the same guy Wazir Khan who built Shahi Hammam in 1634/35 A.D at that time he was a governor, this beautiful mosque is called “The Architectural Ornament Of Lahore”. Interestingly, Wazir Khan Mosque leads through a Royal Trail, which is a 1.6 km road from the Delhi Gate of the walled city of Lahore. A town was also established by him near Gujranwala called Wazirabad after his name. A.D. Only a short walk away from the Lahore Fort, the mosque holds great significance as the Emperor Shahjehan used to offer his Friday congregational prayers in Wazir Khan Mosque. 10 Bhagavad Gita Shlokas which changed my life! Despite being one of the last prominent remnants of the Mughal Dynasty in Lahore, this mosque gets … The geometric patterns highlight the Perfection of God but the repetition of these patterns demonstrate the virtue of striving towards perfection. Wazir Khan Mosque is located directly opposite the Wazir Khan Chowk (roundabout) near the Delhi Gate. The construction began in 1634. Before Badshahi Mosque, Wazir Khan Mosque was considered as Imperial Jamia Masjid where kings used to offer their Jummah Prayer. Kamil Khan Mumtaz, a Lahore-based architect, educator, author, and pioneer in the movement for conservation of architectural heritage, states in his essay ‘Reading Masjid Wazir Khan’: ‘This elaborate entrance is intended to symbolize the transition from this … Majid was built in 17 th century during 1634-35 A.D. in the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah-Jahan and the name given to it by its builder Nawab Wazir Khan who at that time was Governor in Lahore until 1639 A.D. it took seven year for its construction. It has been described as "a mole on the cheek of Lahore." It’s powerful, beautifully designed and comes with everything you need to engage your visitors and increase conversions. The "Wazir Khan" mosque, built during the reign of the Mughal Sultanate of India in the 17th century AD in the state of "Punjab", Pakistan, is at the top of the sites that attract visitors thanks to its unique architecture and wonderful decorations. Shah Jahan bestowed the Hakim Ansari with the title of “Nawab This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Later, he became the Governor of Lahore. When I began this piece I mentioned deliberate spiritual design intentions; as architect, Kamil Mumtaz has provided a base- the rest is up to us. Masjid Wazir Khan was built in the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Required fields are marked *. If you’ve ever visited the Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore, you’ll have seen the beautiful, complex and colourful frescoes all over the walls and ceilings of the mosque. The construction began in 1634 and was completed over the course of seven years. All rights reserved, Career And Business Predictions for 2021 As Per Your Zodiac Sign, On the Auspicious Occasion of Gita Jayanti, Ram Navami Vrat Katha, Puja Vidhi and Fasting Rules. Earlier mosques, such as the Wazir Khan Mosque, were adorned in intricate kashi kari, or Kashan style tile work, from which the Badshahi Mosque would depart. It poses questions: return to what and where? While the Mughal Empire’s Shah Jahan was an important patron of religious architecture throughout the Indian subcontinent, the Wazir Khan Mosque (Masjid Wazir Khan) in Lahore, Pakistan, said to be the most beautiful and most ornately decorated Mughal-era mosque, was commissioned not by the Mughal emperor but by his personal physician. (bouquet) imagery adorning the tilework with a unique grace. Its endowment then comprised the congregational mosque, an elaborate forecourt, a serai, a hammam, a bazaar, and a special bazaar for calligraphers and bookbinders. According to historic references, we get to know that once Wazir Khan was done with the construction of the magnificent Wazir Khan Mosque and the splendid Shahi Hammam, he started planning to develop a garden in 1634. The Wazir Khan Mosque (Punjabi and Urdu: مسجد وزیر خان ‎; Masjid Wazīr Khān) is 17th century mosque located in the city of Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Aerial View photos available for quick and easy download. The building gets a fantastic dimension through the floral decoration and geometrical forms. But on my most recent trip, things were different (see #PakistanVapsi photoseries); I was coming out of six months of working in Dhaka during which time I traveled through parts of Bangladesh, India, and Myanmar. The mosque was commissioned by the chief physician to the Mughal Court, Hakeem Ilam-ud-din Ansari, who was widely known as Wazir Khan. Duly acknowledging the grand architecture involved in the construction of Wazir Khan Mosque, it is credited with the title “Mole on the Cheek of Lahore”. But on my most recent trip, things were different (see, (Pakistani diaspora who has returned and resides in Pakistan) friends from Canada took me in and I wasted no time in enlisting them to show me around the city. For more on our cookies and changing your settings, Dada Masiti: The Rabia Al Adawiyya of East Africa. Nawab Wazir Khan served as the Governor of Lahore till the year 1639 A.D. It is the best attraction of the Royals. Dependence on family, cousins and old friends to take me around and give me cues on how I must behave. Examples of "wazir_khan" The Wazir Khan Chowk is a town square located in the Walled City of Lahore, Pakistan that is located at the main entrance of the Wazir Khan Mosque. The floral patterns and designs are highly symmetrical and appear in synchronic waves bestowing a sense of tranquillity to the echoing halls of the mosque. He commissioned the mosque to be built to enclose the site of the tomb of a 14. century sufi saint, Syed Muhammad Ishaq Gazruni or as he’s more commonly known, Miran Badshah. Why the selection of the colors? Your email address will not be published. He argues that architecture is an exercise of. © 2020 Times Internet Limited. The colours- so many colours. His famous masterpieces include the Taj Mahal and the tomb of his wife Mumtaz. The geometric patterns highlight the Perfection of God but the repetition of these patterns demonstrate the virtue of striving towards perfection. The mosque's distinguishing architectural feature is the use of minarets at each of its four corners--the first time such a design was employed in Lahore. It is said that during Shah Jahan’s reign, architecture flourished across the Mughal empire. It is renowned for its intricate faience tile work which is known as Kashi-Kari. Info contributed by the author: Wazir Khan Mosque was built in 1634-35 AD during the reign of Mughal Emperor ShahJehan by Ilam-ud-din-Dinsari commonly known as Nawab Wazir Khan, who was governer of lahore till 1639 AD. https://www.youlinmagazine.com/story/wazir-khan-mosque/NjE3 Why the curvatures of the muqarnas (ornamental vaulting)? The entire mosque is built with small bricks laid in “Kanker Lime” with a sparkling of red sand-stone. Built in 1634 CE during a period recognized as an architectural renaissance, the Wazir Khan Mosque embodies the canon of the Mughal architectural style. If, through the dhikr of God is how hearts find rest, then I hope to look back on those photos as a form of Remembrance, as I look for those spiritual intentions in architecture and design. Thank you and keep us in your prayers! Walking barefoot on the red stone of the courtyard towards the main prayer hall, my feet immediately felt the grooves between the stones but with the vibrant colours all over the walls I almost missed the black geometric patterns on the floor. The same garden became popular as Wazir Khan’s Nakhlia Garden because of the large number of date palm trees. If you’ve ever visited the Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore, you’ll have seen the beautiful, complex and colourful frescoes all over the walls and ceilings of the mosque. He commissioned the mosque to be built to enclose the site of the tomb of a 14th century sufi saint, Syed Muhammad Ishaq Gazruni or as he’s more commonly known, Miran Badshah. You all must be familiar with the stunning Shahi Hammam and the picturesque (colour) is the first word that entered my mind as I walked through the entrance into the courtyard and gazed upon the main archway. We know that God loves beauty, and just as you’ve feasted your eyes over the majesty of it all, as you’re about to leave the mosque and you look up one last time, the Persian inscription atop the exit reads: I am excited to look back and reflect on other mosques I’ve visited and apply Mumtaz’s analysis on spiritual design intentions. Known as a testimony of Mughal affinity to finesse in frescos and architecture, it still remains one … Inscribed in Persian characters: 'Masjid i Wazir Khan.' Watercolour of the mosque of Wazir Khan in Lahore, Pakistan, by an anonymous artist working in the Punjab style, c. 1860. We know that God loves beauty, and just as you’ve feasted your eyes over the majesty of it all, as you’re about to leave the mosque and you look up one last time, the Persian inscription atop the exit reads: A post shared by Daniyah Sehar (@daniyahsehar) on Jun 4, 2020 at 11:17am PDT. Nawab Wazir Khan served as the Governor of Lahore till the year 1639 A.D. Built over seven years in the old city of Lahore, the minarets peaking to over 100 feet into the skies offer a breathtaking view. The Mosque is named after its builder, Hakeem Ilm-ul-Din Ansari who was widely known as Wazir Khan who was the governor of Lahore until 1639 A.D. Wazir khan mosque is located on the site of the tomb of Syed Muhammad Ishaq (a saint who migrated from Iran in the 13th Century. The mosque was founded by Hakim Ilmud Din Ansari, a physician from Chiniot who was bestowed the Ministerial title of ‘Wazir Khan’ by Shah Jahan, and was later promoted to the position of Viceroy of … Rang (colour) is the first word that entered my mind as I walked through the entrance into the courtyard and gazed upon the main archway. The Wazir Khan Mosque (Punjabi and Urdu: مسجد وزیر خان ‎; Masjid Wazīr Khān) is 17th century mosque located in the city of Lahore, capital of the Pakistan province of Punjab. Watch it in HD!! At first glance, it all seems overwhelming, but the closer you look, you begin to see deliberate spiritual design intentions. The spectacular monumental ensemble of the Wazir Khan Mosque in the Walled City of Lahore was built in 1634 during the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Badshah was entombed right near the Delhi Gate and you’ll see his grave as you walk through the mosque. Wazir Khan Mosque built in 1642 in Lahore, Pakistan. Below, the east-west section of the Mosque. For whatever reason, be it safety, time or – lets be real – weddings, my experience (or lack thereof) in the country had always been defined by dependence. He was a man of humble origin who studied medicine under Hakim Dawi and entered the Mughul court as the personal physician of prince Kurum, who became Shahjahan later. The Wazir Khan Mosque locally called Masjid Wazir Khan (Punjabi/Urdu: مسجد وزیر خان) in Lahore, Pakistan, is famous for its extensive faience tile work. 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