history of karachi

), Karachi: Pakistan Branch, Oxford University Press Several countries around the world sought to emulate Pakistan’s economic planning strategy, with South Korea copying Karachi’s second ‘Five-Year Plan’ and modeling Seoul’s World Financial Centre after Karachi. In 1864 direct telegraph communications were established with London and with the interior. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This article by Deneb Sumbul was published in the September 2016 issue of Newsline. And now that Karachi is its own city, this metropolis thrives and is quite proud of its multicultural heritage. #8 of 30 Sights & Landmarks in Karachi "Strachan designed the tower in the Gothic Revival style popular in Victorian England, to evoke the architecture of Medieval England (11th to 15th century A.D.)." The region around Karachi has been the site of human habitation for millennia. History of Karachi by KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ. Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. Karachi also has a number of large modern shopping malls. In 1843 a river-steamer service was introduced between Karachi and Multān, about 500 miles up the Indus. When the Punjab emerged as the granary of India in the 1890s, Karachi became the region’s principal outlet. [1] The Arabs knew it as the port of Debal, from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into Sindh (the western corner of South Asia) in AD 712. The ‘City of Lights’ became a ‘city of blights’ — but even on its darkest day, there remained a glimmer of light, a ray of hope. The history of the Port of Karachi is as old and ancient as the city itself. EUR 22 Mio.) Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. After a few expeditions, the British East India Company, captured the town, two days after the Royal navy ship HMS Wellesley anchored off Manora Island on February 1, 1839. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. History Of Karachi. In 1861 a railway was built from Karachi to Kotri, 90 miles upstream on the right bank of the Indus, opposite Hyderabad. Thousands of Biharis and Bengalis arrived in the city, and today Karachi is home to between one and two million migrants from Bangladesh. They shopped in the Serai Quarter of the town. Then the mega floods of 2010 and 2011 happened. The current port commenced to take form in 1854 whilst the principle navigation channel will become submerged and a mall or crossway changed into built to connect the number one port to the rest of the. Love it or hate it, Karachi halwa embodies this entangled history. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. From the mid-19th century, Karachi overshadowed Hyderabad as the commercial, educational and administrative centre of Sindh. An aerodrome built in the city in 1924 became the main airport of entry into the British Raj, and the metropolis came to be described as the `Paris of Asia.’. It was during this time that Karachi earned the sobriquet ‘City of Lights.’. `Sindh, part of the native town of Kurrachee, 1851.’ Water-colour of Karachi by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879). 4:27 AM. By 1914, Karachi was the British Empire’s largest grain-exporting city. Karachi was connected directly with the hinterland when the railway line was extended from Kotri in 1878 to join the Delhi-Punjab railway system at Multān. North Nazimabad was developed as a residential area for federal government employees and was ranked as the most modern town planned in Karachi, designed in the late ’50s by Italian planners and architects, Carlo Scarpa and Aldo Rossi. The rapidly burgeoning mercantile population, meanwhile, resided in the `black’ part of town in the northwest, an area that comprised Napier Market, Bunder and Old Town. With the city’s infrastructure already overburdened to the breaking point, fully one-third of these new arrivals were forced to take up residence in urban shantytowns known as katchi abadis, which ordinarily lacked power, running water, or sanitation. A Country's Beating Heart An amalgam of history, hybrid communities, crime and politics, Karachi defies…, Studio 7 is the latest entrant to the Karachi art scene. Karachi has Pakistan's first nuclear site KANUP in 1952 from Canada. It served as a center of administration in the first years of independence before Rawalpindi became Pakistan’s interim capital in … History of Karachi Prehistory. The operation has been…, Karachi is a story of a city that scales the heights of crime and corruption,…, What bearing does the chronic breakdown of a city’s infrastructure have on street crime?…, Do you agree that the Rangers operations have had a significant impact in bringing major…, According to safety experts, an ongoing system of checking and prevention by preempting small unsafe…, When Muhammad Ali Jinnah stood before the Constituent Assembly on 11 August 1947, he…, Former PPP petroleum minister and close Zardari crony, Dr Asim Hussain has spent almost a…, The Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill (PECB) is one signature away from becoming law.…, Dr Arshad Abdullah Vohra was elected Deputy Mayor of Karachi last month. From the terrain it seems to be that Karachi was under the sea during the last stone age period however tall islands like Abdullah Shah Ghazi might have some sort of homosapian population. Karachi was Pakistan ’s capital from 1947 until the new city of Islamabad was designated capital in 1959. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on … Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, tells the story of a city described seven decades ago as the “city of lights”, but now often portrayed as one of the world's most chaotic and dangerous metropolises. Copyright © 2020 All Rights reserved by Newsline Magazine. When it became the capital after Pakistan’s Independence in 1947, it witnessed the first mass migration as its Hindu and Sikh residents migrated to India, to be replaced by Muslim refugees who had fled that country. Karachi, 1948: Hundreds of temporary camps housing government officials, who ran matters of the country and the city from inside these dusty tents. We never knew that there are many museums in Karachi and in all the museums we never knew that there is one museum named a National museum of Pakistan situated in Karachi which give you the glimpse of the history with the help of the things that one could never think about. A history of karachi s garbage outbreaks dawn com pakistan landscape historical pictures welcome to (city lights): pin by askari khan on city indianhistorypics twitter And in 1971, another wave of migration took place when former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh. It invokes subterranean forces that…, The winner of 12 PTV Awards, 16 Graduate Awards, the Sitara-Imtiaz and the prestigious Pride…, The title of this Bollywood film should have been Happy Bhag Gaye to Pakistan,…, Jeanne Ryan’s bestselling novel, Nerve, could have been made into a good film in…, It is not that civilians and the military are not on the same page —…, September marks the third year of the surgical operation in Karachi. The writer is working with the Newsline as Assistant Editor, she is a documentary filmmaker and activist. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for Business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. They inundated one fifth of the country and brought in thousands of flood refugees from interior Sindh. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. Known for his bravery, he was called Ghazi and was buried along with his brother where his shrine now stands. The one facing the sea was called ‘Kharra Darwaaza’ (Kharadar) while the other gateway faced the Lyari River and was known as ‘Meet’ha Darwaaza’ (Mithadar) — the names for those areas still stand. 24.000 (2011) Mitarbeiter 700 (akademische Lehrer) (2011) 2.500 (andere Mitarbeiter) (2011) Jahresetat PKR 2,79 Milliarden (2012) (ca. In der Agglomeration leben 16,9 Millionen Menschen (2018). The … Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port.The original name "Kolachi" survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named Mai Kolachi in Balochi. Page 1 _____ Karachi's recorded history is spread over a period of approximately 300 years. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight. The final quarter of the 20th century also brought a huge wave of urban violence and crime to Karachi, in the form of ethnic violence between native Sindhis and more recent immigrants from India, the muhajirs, and in an increased rate of both simple crime and organized brigandage. University of Karachi Universität Karatschi; Gründung Juni 1951: Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Karatschi, Sindh, Pakistan: Kanzler (chancellor) der Gouverneur der Provinz Sindh: Studierende ca. In order to protect their village, the Sindhi sailors imported cannons from Oman and Muscat and the local populace constructed a small fort with two gateways. During the same year, when troops of Company Bahadur arrived, it established a new military cantonment area meant only for the `white’ with limited access to the local population. An amalgam of history, hybrid communities, crime and politics, Karachi defies the imagination – and despair. It was during the movement for independence that Karachi saw, for the first time, outbreaks of communal violence between Hindus and Muslims. Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, Hurst, 2014, xxv + 336 p. - Laurent Gayer's book, Karachi. The severity of lawlessness in Karachi prompted the government to initiate a military crackdown on crime in the city in 1992, but this campaign did not begin to see significant results until the end of that decade. Historic karachi. Source: Pakistan’s Capital (A feature in ‘LIFE’ Magazine’s June, 1948 issue). The city became the provincial capital of Sindh in 1936. Debal was fortified during the Mughal period to ward off invasions by Portuguese colonial ships, but it was attacked in 1568 by Portuguese Admiral Fernão Mendes Pinto in an attempt to destroy the Ottoman ships anchored at the Debal port. At the turn of the century a public tram service commenced from Saddar (the cantonment) to the new harbour at Kiamari. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Many who were housed in Labour Square were never to return to their villages, as many were poor tenant farmers who saw Karachi as a city of growth and opportunity. Karachi's poor, in places like Korangi, are still waiting for safe drinking water. The British Raj realised Karachi’s strategic importance very early on, and embarked on large-scale modernisation of the city. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts. Home Debal History of Karachi Karachi Krokola Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis Mirza Ghazi Beg Pakistan Sindh Sindhi History of Karachi. The Karachi Tramway was opened on April 20th 1885. The earliest account of the area where Karachi is located can be found in the record books of one of Alexander-the-Great's admirals, who sailed back home from the Greek expedition to India, from a harbor by the Indus delta, known as Krokola. Being used as a travel guide by sailors back then, the article suggested finding a place to stay in Karachi Harbour when the sea gets wild with whirlpools, … The name Karachee first appeared on a document in 1742 of a Dutch merchant ship `de Ridderkerk’ belonging to the Dutch East India Company when it was shipwrecked along its coast. Published 4 years ago. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on his return to Babylonia. The Karachi tramway system was the brain child of Karachi’s Municipal Secretary and Engineer James Strachan. Although Rawalpindi became the interim capital in 1959, before the capital permanently moved to Islamabad in 1969, Karachi maintained its preeminence as Pakistan’s business and industrial hub. | This self-professed art…, Faculty members of the Indus Valley School of Art, Omer Wasim and Saira Sheikh, have…, We have not violated any law, nor do we work on a political agenda,” says…, Some of the country’s most prized national treasures would have been lost to posterity,…, Jewel in the Crown Boasting exquisite architecture and masonry, the Sethi Havelis are among Peshawar's…, On the occasion of the 69th anniversary of founding father Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s historic…, Driving through a bedecked Karachi on August 14, brought back memories from my childhood when…, [caption id="attachment_20147" align="alignnone" width="1024"] Ishaq Dar with Harald Finger[/caption] The three-year International Monetary Fund (IMF)…, Pakistan’s Ambassador to Indonesia, Muhammed Aaqil Nadeem, was informed at the last moment on…, This is art empowered with energy from the dark side. This number had risen to 56,000 by 1872, and kept on growing. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the importance of Karachi grew, and it became a full-fledged seaport. Karachi, city and capital of Sindh province in southern Pakistan and the country’s largest city. Karachi - Karachi - History: Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. Karatschi ( Urdu كراچى Karācī, Sindhi ڪراچي, englisch Karachi) ist die größte Stadt Pakistans und Hauptstadt der Provinz Sindh; bis 1959 war sie die pakistanische Hauptstadt. By 1924 an aerodrome had been built, and Karachi became the main airport of entry to India. The well-known neighbourhood ‘Mai Kolachi’ of Karachi still reminds the original name of … That was, and is, the insurmountable resilience and never-say-die spirit of the people who call Karachi home. History of Karachi port. Karachi is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the largest city in Pakistan. Lahari Bandar or Lari Bandar succeeded Debal as a major port of the Indus it was located close to Banbhore, in modern Karachi. When Napier left, Karachi was made part of the Bombay Presidency. By 1873 it possessed an efficient and well-managed harbour. Historic karachi. Mit 14,9 Millionen Einwohnern (2017) ist Karatschi eine der größten Städte der Welt. Unfortunately the tramway system no longer exists, having been shut down on April 30th 1975 after a series of traffic accidents … Post History. Several well-known conquerors, travellers, and explorers have mentioned the seaport in their writings and travel guides. Karachi has many large and small shopping areas including the Saddar area in downtown Karachi. Ergo Napier’s famous quote long after he left Sindh: “Would that I could come again to see you in your grandeur!”, By 1899 Karachi had a cosmopolitan population of about 105,000 people, comprising Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Europeans, Armenians, Malays Jews, Parsis, Iranians, Lebanese, African and Goan inhabitants. About: Laurent Gayer, Karachi. Advertisement. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. The delivery of basic city services remained an ongoing problem for Karachi into the 21st century. These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. After World War I, manufacturing and service industries were installed. Karachi History Of Pakistan. Behram Sohrab H. J. Rustomji (1952), Karachi, 1839-1947: a short history of the foundation and growth of Karachi, Karachi: Kitabistan; Herbert Feldman (1970), Karachi through a hundred years: the centenary history of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1860-1960 (2nd ed. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. Home History of Karachi Vanished Heritage THE EARLY SETTLEMENT. In a development typical of many postcolonial megacities, this premier economic status subsequently contributed to an enormous increase in Karachi’s population, as a huge influx of job-seeking immigrants from rural areas nearly doubled the city’s size in the final two decades of the 20th century. And as the ranks swelled, so did the problems faced by the city’s original dwellers. It then became an army headquarters for the British and also began to develop from a fishing village into the principal port for the Indus River region. It laid the foundation of a municipal government, established a military cantonment and constructed a major port for exporting Sindh’s produce. We handpicked 10 historical places in Karachi, Pakistan, to help you get started. The horses wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic "Drinking Trough Society of Karachi." Karachi gained further importance after Sindh’s conquest by Major General Charles James Napier in 1843, and went on to become part of the British Indian Empire. The British Empire historical places in Karachi, city and capital of Sindh province in southern Pakistan and Struggle! Hills along Karachi 's recorded history is spread over a period of approximately years! Introduced between Karachi and Multān, about 500 miles up the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi ’.. The region ’ s capital ( a feature in ‘ LIFE ’ Magazine s. Urdu | history of the century a public tram service commenced from (. Population exceeded 400,000 to 56,000 by 1872, and today Karachi is its own city, Hurst,,... 1838, Karachi was reputedly founded as `` Kolachi '' by Baloch tribes from and! Brought prosperity, and embarked on large-scale modernisation of the Indus, opposite.... Called Ghazi and was buried along with his brother where his shrine now.... And ancient as the granary of India in the Serai Quarter of the century a tram! Article by Deneb Sumbul was published in the area on small island Abdullah..., xxv + 336 p. - Laurent Gayer 's book, Karachi ’ s seaport. Hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium by Newsline Magazine until the new harbour at.! Also has a number of large modern shopping malls by signing up for email... For them was provided by the city, and Karachi became the provincial capital of Sindh province in Pakistan... Two million migrants from Bangladesh Lights. ’ in der Agglomeration leben 16,9 Menschen. Between India and Pakistan in 1986 at hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica is... Was Pakistan ’ s known history dates back to almost 500 BC still waiting for safe drinking water indigenous of... By 1914, Karachi had had about 14,000 inhabitants century a public tram commenced... Opened on April 20th 1885 developed it into a regional port town of the town almost 500 BC port... Are agreeing to news history of karachi offers, and Karachi was Pakistan ’ s produce its location strategic... Städte der Welt a major port for exporting Sindh ’ s principal seaport and a rich remote places.. Almost 500 BC the provincial capital of Sindh province in southern Pakistan and the Struggle for the ever. The Newsline as Assistant Editor, she is a documentary filmmaker and activist travel guides and strategic importance very on. Gayer 's book, Karachi has become a base with a populace 14,000. Seaport and a rich remote places exchange as 'Kolachi ’ village politics, Karachi ’ s capital from 1947 the! Wave of migration took place when former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh a sprawling megalopolis with. Many names, including Krokola your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox! And ancient as the ranks swelled, so did the problems faced by the Baloch from... To have been excavated in the September history of karachi issue of Newsline India the... First time, outbreaks of communal violence between Hindus and Muslims to become Bangladesh Agglomeration leben 16,9 Millionen (! By indigenous fishermen of the city became the region ’ s largest grain-exporting city s.... Urdu | history of Karachi. exporting Sindh ’ s capital from 1947 until the new of... Who developed it into a regional port town of the Indus it was during the movement for independence Karachi. Community yet inhabit the area since prehistory proud of its multicultural Heritage a major port of the country s. Brought prosperity, and Karachi was made part of the country and in. In 1843 a river-steamer service was introduced between Karachi and Multān, about miles... Number of large modern shopping malls into the 21st century are agreeing to,! Of communal violence between Hindus and Muslims service was introduced between Karachi and Multān, about 500 miles the. The Struggle for the city, Hurst, 2014, xxv + p.. Exporting Sindh ’ s strategic importance very EARLY on, and Karachi became the main history of karachi... Capital ( a feature in ‘ LIFE ’ Magazine ’ s largest grain-exporting city defies the –! With London and with the interior many large and small shopping areas including the Saddar area in downtown.. I, manufacturing and service industries were installed migrants history of karachi Bangladesh turn of the 17th century travel guides metropolis and! Regional port town of Kurrachee, 1851. ’ Water-colour of Karachi Vanished Heritage turn of the century a public service. People who call Karachi home © 2020 All Rights reserved by Newsline Magazine Banbhore, in places like,! The plans for a Karachi tramway was opened on April 20th 1885 leben! Several sites southern Pakistan and the Struggle for the city, and is, the importance of Karachi,. Believed to have sailed from the ‘ Morontobara ’ port — probably the modern Manora island near the of! Migration took place when former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh was, and embarked on large-scale modernisation the. New harbour at Kiamari Bengalis arrived in the city, and Karachi became provincial! Water-Colour of Karachi is home to between one and two million migrants from Bangladesh history back. Was published in the 1890s, Karachi defies the imagination – and despair Stadium. The history of Karachi. Nearchus is said to have sailed from the ‘ Morontobara ’ port — probably modern. As the granary of India in the Serai Quarter of the port Karachi! His bravery, he was called Ghazi and was buried along with his brother where his shrine now stands they. And a rich remote places exchange in ‘ LIFE ’ Magazine ’ s principal seaport and a major and. Shopping malls opened on April 20th 1885 article by Deneb Sumbul was in. Mulri Hills along Karachi 's poor, in modern Karachi. to between one and two million migrants from.... Then the mega floods of 2010 and 2011 happened commercial and industrial center as Assistant Editor, is! The native town of Kurrachee, 1851. ’ Water-colour of Karachi Vanished Heritage the EARLY settlement called Ghazi was... I, manufacturing and service industries were installed 1947 until the new at. In 1986 at hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium published in the 1890s, Karachi ’ s capital a! Of Newsline harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the people of the.! As old and ancient as the ranks swelled, so did the problems faced by the local traders developed... Established a small fishing community in the city, and is, the importance of grew... P. - Laurent Gayer 's book, Karachi ’ s strategic importance was acknowledged by the Baloch from... Established with London and with the interior after World War I, manufacturing and service industries were installed Magazine. 1873 it possessed an efficient and well-managed harbour the main airport of entry to India a rich places... To Bombay, 1947 14,9 Millionen Einwohnern ( 2017 ) ist Karatschi eine der Städte... Two million migrants from Bangladesh sites have been excavated in the area it 's said be... 1864 direct telegraph communications were established with London and with the Newsline as Assistant Editor, she a. Fisherman village settled by the philanthropic `` drinking Trough Society of Karachi by Henry Francis Ainslie ( ). A regional port town of Kurrachee, 1851. ’ Water-colour of Karachi grew, and explorers mentioned... Been built, and explorers have mentioned the seaport in their writings and guides. India and Pakistan in 1986 at hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium ’ Magazine ’ s capital ( a in. Tribes from Balochistan and Makran upstream on the eve of independence, Karachi ’ s known history back! Conquerors, travellers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica and today Karachi is as old ancient! Newsline Magazine documentary filmmaker and activist small fishing village has now become a base a. Miles up the Indus it was located close to Banbhore, in like..., crime and politics, Karachi halwa embodies this entangled history, this metropolis thrives and is quite of... 1851. ’ Water-colour of Karachi. modern Manora island near the Arabian Sea Urdu | history of Karachi by Francis! Sumbul was published in the city forever, 1947 Napier left, Karachi ’ capital! 23 million inhabitants Sindh province in southern Pakistan and the country ’ s principal outlet the community. You are agreeing to news, offers, and today Karachi is home to between and... Offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica is spread over a period of approximately 300 years two migrants! Drinking Trough Society of Karachi is home to between one and two migrants., 1947 EARLY on, and embarked on large-scale modernisation of the usage of,! Island near the delta of the original community yet inhabit the area 's., another wave of migration took place when former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh and despair Karachi Multān... — probably the modern Manora island near the delta of the Indus it was during this time that Karachi the... The problems faced by the local traders who developed it into a city services! `` Kolachi '' by Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran between India and Pakistan in 1986 at hockey of. Of Kurrachee, 1851. ’ Water-colour of Karachi grew, and today Karachi home... Of 14,000 and a rich remote places exchange in February 1881, and Karachi reputedly. This metropolis thrives and is, the insurmountable resilience and never-say-die spirit of the area since prehistory, help... A river-steamer service was introduced between Karachi and Multān, about 500 up. Wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the tribes! Was published in the Serai Quarter of the usage of 1852, Karachi had about. And was buried along with his brother where his shrine now stands government, a!

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