antipater father of herod

[2] Josephus writes that he was a man of great authority among the Idumeans, both wealthy and born into a dignified family. [6] Josephus explains this rendering by critiquing its author: Nicolaus wrote to please Herod and would do so at the cost of truthfulness. Antipater was able to insinuate himself into a position of influence, and soon exercised the authority that ostensibly belonged to Hyrcanus as high priest. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Gissin, Mikhail (2014). Antipater in Jewish Legend. [30] However, Antipater saved Malichus from death by expending one hundred talents of his own and placating Cassius’ anger. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998, p.109. [23], Later when accused by Aristobulus’ son, Antigonus, who returned from Roman bondage to contest for power, Antipater made a great scene of his scars from fighting for Caesar's life in Egypt. Aristobulus (son of Mariamne the Queen) left these infants when he was slain by his father…but when they were arrived at the age of puberty, this Herod, (the eldest son), married Mariamne, the daughter of Olympias, who was the daughter of Herod the king, and of Joseph the son of Joseph who was brother to Herod the king, and had by her a son, Aristobulus…Antiquities of the Jews XVIII.V.4 Neither of these genealogies are accepted by scholars. Because he trusted Herod, Antony set things in motion to install Herod in Judea in place of its current ruler, Antigonus. The diplomacy and artful politics of Antipater, as well as his insinuation into the Hasmonean court, paved the way for the rise of his son Herod the Great, who used this position to marry the Hasmonean princess Mariamne, endear himself to Rome and become king of Judea under Roman influence. He acquired great influence because of his father's position. The two men had such a relationship that Antipater entrusted his children to his friend when he went to war with the Hasmonean Aristobulus II. Antipater was of the same cruel disposition as his father. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his wife Queen Alexandra Salome ruled for a … Having favored the winning side in the conflict, Antipater's star rose, especially since he cooperated with the Romans as much … [26] Josephus notes that with his newfound rights and honors, Antipater immediately began to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem that Pompey had destroyed when subduing Aristobulus. [2], Antipater was known as a seditious and trouble-making man, and he exploited the weak-willed Hyrcanus for the sake of his ambition. Antipater married Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman, which helped endear the Nabateans to him. Antipater’s son Herod appealed to Rome for aid, and was appointed king of Judaea in 40 B.C. His mother, Cypros, was from Nabataea, a wealthy kingdom in Jordan that included the city of Petra.A Roman force led by a general named Pompey waged a military campaign in the eastern Mediterranean in 63 B.C. Hayes, John H., and Sara R. Mandell (1998). Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. Herod’s father, Antipater, owed his early power to his Nabataean connections and sponsorship by the Pharisees, a Jewish religious group composed of laymen and scribes who emerged as a … ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of * Herod. The pro-Roman politics of Antipater led to his increasing unpopularity among the devout, non-Hellenised Jews. "The Jewish People in Classical Antiquity." A fragment of a legend concerning the life of Antipater has, however, been preserved by Julius Africanus. Herod the Great's Story . He flourished in the days of Pompey and Julius Caesar, was a firm friend of the Romans, and about the year 47 B.C. While Caesar was besieged in Alexandria, Antipater rescued him with three thousand men and the aid of numerous nearby friends. According to this writer, Idumean robbers attacked Ascalon, and plundered a shrine of Apollo, taking with them the son of the temple-attendant Herod, because he was too poor to redeem his son Antipater. [19], Although Pompey and his lieutenant Scaurus initially ruled in Aristobulus’ favor when the brothers brought their case forward, on the third intervention Pompey ordered the brothers to wait. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. a half Jew".[6]. A native of Edom, southeast of Judah between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, which under the Romans came to be known as Idumaea, Antipater became a powerful official under the later Hasmonean kings and subsequently became a client of the Roman general Pompey the Great when Pompey conquered Judah in the name of Roman Republic. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPASANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 b.c.e. Herod's attempt to humiliate Alexander by restoring to honor Antipater, an older son by another wife, resulted disastrously. However, he was recalled following Mariamne's fall in 29 BC and in 13 BC Herod made him his first heir in his will. "The Dusk of Judea and the Dawn of a New Dynasty." How During Antipater's Abode At Rome, Herod Brought Alexander And Aristobulus Before Caesar And Accused Them. In this conflict, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus' favor. At that time Jerusalem was occupied by Parthian troops, fighting on behalf of the anti-Roman Jews. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Born about 73 BCE, Herod’s wealthy father Antipater served the Hasmonean kings of Judaea and befriended Julius Caesar, who made Antipater a Roman citizen. , when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E. ) [2] The second was a high-ranking Hasmonean princess whose first name is lost to history. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. In 47 B.C.E. Antipater II or Antipas ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Schiffman, Lawrence H., "Judea Under Roman Rule", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antipater_the_Idumaean&oldid=994440011, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. At the time of Mariamne's death, Herod had nine other … ), came from Idumea (also called Edom), a region by the southern coast of the Dead Sea. Per Africanus, Antipater was a hierodule of Apollo at a temple in Ashkelon where his father served as priest. Richardson, Peter (1996). ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater i, and father of *Herod. [21], After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Antipater was forced to side with Cassius against Mark Antony. [31], Although Antipater saved Malichus' life a second time from a different ruler, Malichus continued to despise Antipater and seek his murder. Herod was born 73 B.C., and he is first mentioned as governor of Galilee (Jos., “Ant.”, XIV, ix, 2). He was poisoned in 43 B.C. Salome (65 BCE–10 CE) was the younger sister of Herod (b. As such, in a polemic against Herod to discredit him in the eyes of the Romans as unfit to become king of the Jews, Antigonus the Hasmonean is quoted by Josephus as referring to Herod as "no more than a private man, and an Idumean, i.e. Aristobulus at Papyron Petra ( in southwestern… was son of Antipas [ b ] had. Not collecting with haste is undocumented in the meticulous records of returned Jewish families,! The word tetrarch signifies that one who governs a fourth part of a kingdom later become Antipater 's wife we. In fact, Antipater was a rival to the Romans. princes who struggling to become King the! 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