At the same time, they were trained within the scope of the royal machinery, ranging from menials tasks (including pouring the kingâs bath), administrative jobs to even martial requirements. While popular history tends to bring forth the notion of Alexander the Great as a military genius (and rightly so), his generalship was not only mirrored by his individual brilliance but also the impressive efforts of his army. The Prodromoi (scouts) was one such Thracian unit that was attached to the Royal Army (comprising only Macedonians), and they possibly consisted of four squadrons. Torsion machines used skeins of sinew or hair rope, which were wound around a frame and twisted so as to power two bow arms; these could develop much greater force than earlier forms (such as the gastraphetes) reliant on the elastic properties of a bow-stave. As we mentioned before, most members of this elite cavalry regiment were recruited from the nobles (and their sons), and they possibly numbered around 1,800 men, divided into 8 squadrons (ilai), before the start of Alexanderâs momentous expedition into Asia. In terms of panoply, the Prodromoi wore light tunics (without armor), possibly complemented by rose-colored cloaks (and the panther-skin shabraque for officers). A general mobilization could swell its ranks to 120,000. Many of these valued cavalrymen were borne by the equestrian culture prevalent in the Thessalian noble class â and as such their regiments possibly mirrored the structure of the much-heralded Hetairoi. If Philip II had not been the father of Alexander the Great, he would be more widely known as a first-rate military innovator, tactician and strategist, and as a consummate politician. Many historians have theorized that the Hypaspistes (âShield Bearersâ) had their origins as retainers of the Companions of the royal court (not to be confused with the Hetairoi Cavalry), while others have hypothesized that they evolved from the mainline Pezhetairoi infantry. Properly nice figures sculpted by Steve Saleh and Nick Collier with Mark Copplestone, they paint up a treat, pics below are armoured phalanx prior to adding the shields and basing effects. RealmofHistory(C)2019. The average Macedonian soldier was, even by the standard of his time, ruthless, relentless, and remorseless. Considering the defensive attitude of his successors, it can be assumed that in Alexanderâs lifetime the sarissai were possibly somewhat shorter. 28mm Ancient Macedonian Army I took advantage of Wargames Foundry's 50% off offer for regiments on ebay a few days ago and bought a bunch of Macedonians. Interestingly enough, there may have been a conspicuous absence of shields â the mainstay of Greek warfare, when it came to cavalry maneuvering, except on rare occasions. It was the birth of the citizen-warrior. Korragos has the meaning of “the leader of the army”. Beneath this political veneer, the Royal Pages also performed a practical function. The phalanx finally met its end in the Ancient world when the more flexible Roman manipular tactics contributed to the defeat and partition of Macedon in the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. It was created and made formidable by King Philip II of Macedon; previously the army of Macedon had been of little account in the politics of the Greek world, and Macedonia had been regarded as a second-rate power.. Sadly the informations on this subject are scarce. The native Macedonians however remained the most important part of the army. And on âcompletionâ of the term, many of these young men (who had entered adulthood) were drafted as officers of the Macedonian army or as members of the elite corps of Companion Cavalry â thus alluding to a cyclic order of military support from the noble families. Simply put, the Bodyguards was an active combat unit (manned by the elite warriors who swore to protect their Basileus) and possibly also an institution for officer training and even staff support. It was created and made formidable by King Philip II of Macedon; previously the army of Macedon had been of little account in the politics of the Greek world, and Macedonia had been regarded as a second-rate power.. In fact, contrary to our modern concept of political correctness, there was rampant racism and pre-conceived ideas directed against other groups within the army. Posted By: Dattatreya Mandal Simple and easy to understand retrospective of periods from ancient Macedonian history and culture. "Quintus Curtius [History of Alexander] with an English translation by John C. Rolfe (2 voll., Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd, 1971-76)", Twilight of the Polis and the rise of Macedon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Macedonian_army&oldid=992447681, Military units and formations of the Hellenistic world, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 32,000+ - the field army for Alexander the Great's invasion of the, Campbell, B. and Lawrence, A. The name of a Macedonian officer on campaign with Alexander the Great (Arrian, Anabasis, Book II, 9 and Book III, 11, 14). , The tactics used by the Macedonian army throughout the various campaigns it fought were, of course, varied; usually in response to the nature of the enemy forces and their dispositions, and to the physical nature of the battlefield . These mercenaries, possibly arranged in two squadrons, fought under the umbrella of âForeign Mercenary Cavalryâ â and as such proved their worth against mighty equestrian opponents like the Bactrians and Scythians at Guagamela. Image of ceremonial, militari, line - 26244337 Given their esteemed martial value, many of the veteran Hypaspistes possibly also formed the renowned Argyraspides â the âSilver Shieldsâ who later took part in the Wars of the Successors after Alexanderâs death. The Illyrians, led by King Bardylis, were at a similar strength to the Macedonians at about 10-11 thousands. According to Polyaenusâ account of Macedonian military training, the infantrymen of phalanx were supplied with bronze helmets (kranos) of the Phrygian variety, light shields (pelte), greaves (knemides) and their characteristic long pikes (sarissai). The army of the Kingdom of Macedon was among the greatest military forces of the ancient world. November 30, 2017. 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